Apalachee: the land between the rivers by John H. Hann

By John H. Hann

  John Hann focuses during this research at the Apalachee Indians and their interactions with the Spanish throughout the ancient interval. Following an outline of the prehistoric Apalachee, Hann delves into the encounters among the Apalachee and the 1st eu intruders.  He synthesizes historic and archaeological details at the institution and development of the western Florida missions, together with pertinent information from the sought after and pivotal kingdom of San Luis de Talimali.   A sympathetic view of the tradition and customs of the historical Apalachee and a translation of dad Paiva’s impassioned ball video game manuscript are by means of sections on Apalachee political constitution, language, demographic tendencies, and project economy.  Hann concludes with information at the demoralization of the Apalachee and its results at the missions and, eventually, at the exile and extinction of the Apalachee humans.

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4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 1. 2. 1. Comparison of Moore's letters and Spanish and French reports 272 Page ix Foreword Nearly forty years have passed since the pioneering excavations of John Griffin at the site of the seventeenth-century Spanish mission of San Luis, reported along with Hale Smith's excavations at the Ayubale mission site in Jefferson County and Mark Boyd's translation of contemporary Spanish documents. Their book, Here They Once Stood, published by the University of Florida Press in 1951, laid out a solid foundation for subsequent archaeological and historical study of Florida's mission period and contributed significantly to the development of what has now come to be known as historical archaeology.

The Crown controlled the flow of missionaries, paid their passage to Florida, furnished them a stipend as if they were soldiers, and bore some of the cost of equipping the mission churches. Despite the church's transformation into an agency of the Crown under this regime, relations between the friars and the Crown's political authorities were frequently stormy. This was particularly true in Apalachee, where the presence of the soldiers and the locus of control and disciplining of the natives became seriously contended issues.

The 8,000 figure is, no doubt, an exaggeration. Page 18 their support among the Christian Apalachee and to form alliances with other non-Christian provinces to resist the reassertion of Spanish control. Emboldened by this intelligence and desiring to thwart the rebels' strategy, Menéndez Marquez secretly crossed into Apalachee, with 21 soldiers and 60 Timucuan warriors whom he felt could be spared from the spring planting. Within a month, supported by the loyal Christians in Apalachee, he persuaded the rebels, both Christians and non-Christians, to surrender and to hand over the leaders of the revolt for trial.

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