A to Z of Scientists in Space and Astronomy (2005)(en)(336s) by Deborah Todd, Joseph A. Angelo

By Deborah Todd, Joseph A. Angelo

This reference for basic readers and scholars in highschool and up compiles biographies of approximately a hundred thirty scientists in house and astronomy, from antiquity to the current. each one access offers beginning and loss of life dates and data on fields of specialization, and examines the scientist's paintings and contributions to the sector, in addition to family members and academic historical past. approximately 50 b&w images are integrated. Entries are listed by means of box, nation of delivery, and nation of medical job, and chronologically. Todd is a contract author. Angelo is a retired lieutenant colonel with the united states Air strength.

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It is agreed, however, that Aryabhata did most, if not all, of his work in Kusumapura, one of the mathematical capitals of India, and that around the year 499 he wrote the Aryabhatiya, the only surviving text of several he is believed to have written concerning astronomy. The Aryabhatiya is written in 121 verses, or couplets, on mathematics and astronomy. The first section is an introduction to some of the mathematics in the document. 1416. The remainder of the text focuses on the heavens. Aryabhata’s astronomy is one of many firsts.

In 1822 Arago worked with Gaspard de Prony in a cannon-firing experiment to attempt to determine how fast sound traveled through air. In 1824 Arago experimented with suspending a magnetized needle above a copper disk, and noticed that when the copper moved, the needle moved. This was the basis for Faraday’s 1831 discovery of electromagnetic induction. The following year, in 1825, Arago was awarded the Royal Society Copley Medal, and his experimentation continued, this time taking him into the realm of compressing gases.

But, the revolutionary nature of Arrhenius’s ionic theory simply overwhelmed the orthodox thinkers on the doctoral committee at the University of Uppsala. ” Undeterred, Arrhenius accepted his doctoral degree, continued to promote his new ionic theory, visited other innovative minds throughout Europe, and explored new areas of science that intrigued him. For example, in 1887 he worked with LUDWIG BOLTZMANN in Graz, Austria. In 1891 Arrhenius accepted a position as a lecturer in physics at the Stockholms Högskola, Stockholm’s Technical University.

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