A Common Human Ground: Universality and Particularity in a by Claes G. Ryn

By Claes G. Ryn

  an exceptional problem of the twenty-first century is the risk of clash among people, peoples, and cultures, between and inside societies. In a typical Human floor, Claes Ryn explores the character of this challenge and units forth a conception approximately what's beneficial for peaceable kin to be attainable. Many within the Western international belief in “democracy,” “capitalism,” “liberal tolerance,” “scientific progress,” or “general enlightenment” to deal with this challenge. even if every one of those, safely outlined, could give a contribution towards assuaging disputes, Ryn argues that the matter is far extra advanced and critical than is mostly well-known. He purposes that, such a lot essentially, solid family between contributors and countries have ethical and cultural preconditions. What can predispose them to mutual admire and peace? One Western philosophical culture, for which Plato set the development, continues that the single solution to real solidarity is for ancient range to yield to universality. The implication of this view for a multicultural global will be a peace that calls for that cultural area of expertise be effaced so far as attainable and changed with a common tradition. a truly assorted Western philosophical culture denies the lifestyles of universality altogether. it's represented this present day via postmodernist multiculturalism—a view that leaves unanswered the query as to how clash among assorted teams could be avoided. Ryn questions either one of those traditions, arguing for the aptitude union of universality and particularity. He contends that the 2 don't need to be enemies, yet in truth want one another. Cultivating person and nationwide particularities is almost certainly appropriate with strengthening and enriching our universal humanity. This quantity embraces the thought of universality, whereas whilst historicizing it. utilizing wide-ranging examples, Ryn provides a firmly sustained and systematic argument centering in this important factor. His process is interdisciplinary, discussing not just political rules, but in addition fiction, drama, and different arts. Scholarly and philosophical, yet no longer really expert, this booklet will attract normal readers in addition to intellectuals.

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Protestant Christianity has been especially concerned to emphasize that even the best of men are unable to overcome their sinful inclinations on their own and need to be rescued by divine grace. Western tradition, then, has, for the most part, regarded moral character and the performance of good actions as the primary measure of human goodness. The moral and religious wisdom of the West has explained and encouraged the kind of working on self that in time will build real meaning and worth into human existence.

Postmodernists reject the distinction between good and evil, high and low. 2 They might consider that children are taught not to play with matches. It is for the sake of peace, but also for the sake of a more rewarding life for all, that different societies need to cultivate a common ground in regard to what is most humane in each culture. Here a heavy responsibility rests on those who set the tone for the longer run in each society: leaders in philosophy, the arts, religion, politics, business, and so on.

The one movement rejects this view because it believes it has discovered a good, previously suppressed human nature; the other does so because it regards the old view of human nature as unscientific. Both movements abandon the idea of the morally divided self and belittle the need for moral self-discipline. According to them, selfishness, ruthlessness, avarice, and conflict are not due to any chronic weakness of humanity to be moderated by selfrestraint, but can be overcome by intelligently remaking the social and political exterior.

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